EVI works to stabilize and expand casual-, informal-, and wage-labor opportunities as well as self-employment and new enterprise opportunities for disenfranchised, at-risk populations, including households suffering absolute or chronic poverty; women and youth who are marginalized; adolescent orphans and vulnerable children and their care-givers; people living with or affected by HIV and AIDs; ex-combatants; and climate refugees.
EVI works to expand livelihood opportunities for vulnerable populations. EVI does this through developing and utilizing Vulnerability Diagnostic Tools to determine the endogenous and exogenous factors that drive vulnerability in particular households. The tools also assess how that vulnerability influences household decision-making. After initial exploration, EVI identifies and promotes economic opportunities that are accessible to households given their constraints.
Recent EVI projects related to Vulnerable Populations include:
A Focus on Gender:
Bangladesh: Market systems analysis to evaluate employment and self-employment opportunities for youth, with a particular focus on empowering women, in the agriculture, fishing, and forestry sectors; creating an 18-month program to train and place 360 youth, 40% female, in viable jobs; conducting additional training for hatchery owners on the market benefits of hiring youth trained in environmentally and socially responsible farming and hatchery skills; training actors throughout the industry on the increase in market demand and export regulation around environmentally and socially responsible practices.
A Focus on Youth:
Rwanda: Marketplace Simulation and Financial Fitness Simulation training to provide vulnerable youth in post-conflict Rwanda with market-relevant employability, life and work readiness training and support, hands-on training opportunities, and links to the employment and self-employment job markets; skill building in personal development, interpersonal communication, work habits and conduct, leadership, and financial management.
A Focus on Resource-Scarce Communities:
Comprehensive market assessment to identify alternative economic opportunities in semi-arid land areas of Northeastern Kenya where the impacts of severe droughts have degraded the livestock sector from which more than 90 percent of households derive their livelihoods; delivery of assessment findings to over 30 key national livelihood development stakeholders; and, capacity-building for local implementing partners to promote opportunities revealed by assessment activities.